2016-2017 Undergraduate Catalog 
    Jun 08, 2023  
2016-2017 Undergraduate Catalog [Archived Catalog]

Geography (B.S.)

Return to {$returnto_text} Return to: Colleges, Departments, & their Academic Programs

Program Coordinator/Contact
George White, Department Head
Department of Geography
109 Wecota Hall
E-mail: george.white@sdstate.edu
Click here for additional information.  

Program Information
Geography is the scientific study of the distribution of both physical and human features of the Earth’s surface. Geographers seek to describe, relate and explain the natural and cultural phenomena that distinguish places around the world. Geographers focus upon “where” and “why” questions concerning the global environment. Geography also functions as a bridge between the natural sciences; its perspective on the location of phenomena makes it unique among the academic disciplines. The process of change is a fundamental theme in geography and the examination of how humankind modifies the Earth is a continual emphasis. The study of geography is thus of vital concern to all citizens and provides graduates with numerous career opportunities in business, education, and government.

The Geography program is designed to provide the student with a general education as well as a concentration in the major field of study. The faculty recommends that majors take several courses in disciplines closely related to their specific area of interest in geography. Those interested in physical geography might register for associated courses in physics, agricultural sciences, botany or other allied disciplines. If one is interested in human geography, course work in sociology, economics, history, political science or foreign language or some other social science might be considered. For technical geography, computer science and mathematics courses are recommended. Qualified students may also enhance their academic experience with participation in the Undergraduate Scholars Program.

Program Emphases

  • The Planning Emphasis stresses research techniques and is oriented toward future employment in governmental, industrial, military, or planning positions.
  • The Environmental Planning and Management Emphasis is designed to prepare students for careers in governmental, industrial, managerial, recreational areas, and commercial corporations.

Student Learning Outcomes
Graduates with a major in Geography will:

  • acquire foundational and specialized knowledge in both the physical and human worlds and their interconnectedness at different scales;
  • acquire proficiency in the basic use and application of geographical technologies and techniques;
  • effectively communicate geographical ideas using common media from the discipline (submitted samples might include maps, oral presentations, text, photos, illustrations, flowcharts, tables, graphs, graphics);
  • engage in applied learning, laboratory, and/or field experiences;
  • demonstrate the ability to collect, organize, analyze, and synthesize information about people, places, and environments in a spatial-temporal context.

Academic Requirements
Students must complete a minimum of 18 upper division credits in major courses and earn at least a “C” in each course used to meet the major requirements.

Course Delivery Format
Geography is not only a classroom subject but one that also includes laboratory research, fieldwork, and travel, as well as limited online coursework.

Requirements for Geography Major: 120 Credits

Bachelor of Science in Arts and Sciences 

System General Education Requirements

Institutional Graduation Requirements

College of Arts and Sciences Requirements

Bachelor of Science Requirements: 10+
  • Natural Sciences  Credits: 10+
    • Any two lab sciences.
    • Coursework must include 2 prefixes.
    • MATH and STATS courses do not count toward the science requirement.
  • One declared minor outside of the major prefix OR a second major OR a teaching specialization. The minor may be a traditional minor within one department or it may be interdisciplinary involving more than one department. The minor can be in a different college. The minor must be declared no later than the student’s third semester of enrollment.
  • Capstone course in the major discipline
  • Upper division coursework Credits: 33

SGRs, IGRs, and/or Major coursework may satisfy some or all of the above requirements. Consult program advisor for details. See the College of Arts and Sciences for additional information about Bachelor of Arts specifications.

Advanced Physical Geography and Human-Earth Relationships

Select 3 credits from the following courses.  Credits: 3

Geography Electives


Taken as needed to complete any additional degree requirements.

Total Required Credits: 120

Return to {$returnto_text} Return to: Colleges, Departments, & their Academic Programs